Manuscript Preparation

The maximum length of manuscripts should be 6000 words (24 double-spaced typewritten
pages) for review, 3000 words (18 pages) for research articles, 1,500 (6 pages) for technical 
notes, commentaries and short communications

Manuscript Format 
The preferred format of all manuscript is MS Word (Font type: Calibri, Font size: 11).
Illustrations (figures) and images must be inserted in the manuscript at the position they 
should appear when published.

Manuscript Style

The Language of the journal is English. Each manuscript should be typed double-spaced on A4 (8.5" × 11") paper size with 1 inch margins. It should be arranged in the following order: Title, Running title (Maximum of 5 words), Abstract, Key words (3 to 5), Introduction, Materials and Methods (Methods for Operational Research),Results, Discussion, Conclusion, Acknowledgement, and References. First page of manuscript
This should include the title of the article,  authors' names (First name, middle initial and then the last name of each author) and their affiliations. The corresponding author must provide the full corresponding address (including  telephone and e-mail address) at the bottom of the page. Second page of manuscript
The Abstract (no more than 200 words) should be  presented in the second page along with title, running title of the article and keywords. The abstract should be structure into: Background, Objectives, Methods, Results, and Conclusion.

An introduction should provide a background to the study (appropriate for an international audience). Related literature based on the objectives of the study should be indicated, and  clearly state the specific objectives of the study at  the end of this section. Please ensure that any abbreviations and all symbols used in equations are fully defined. Approximate length: 500-1000 words.

This section should describe the materials and methods used in sufficient detail to allow the study to be replicated. Please include details of ethical approval in this section. Methods of data analysis including the appropriate statistical analysis performed should be provided.Approximate length: 500-1000 words.

This section should first summarize all the results in text before referring to tables and figures for details. Please limit the number of tables and figures. It is essential to include statistical analyses or other indicators to enable assessment of the variance of replicates of the experiments. Data should not be repeated in figures and tables. Approximate length: 1000-1500 words.

The discussion section should summarize the main findings, interpret the findings and compare with previous studies, as well as the contribution made to the field. Indicate unanswered questions/provide direction for future research. This should be followed by a critique of the strengths and limitations of the research including any policy limitations. Approximate length: 1000 words.

A brief conclusions section should summarize the salient findings of the study based on the study objectives. Authors are strongly advised to emphasize the contribution made to the field by their study in this section. Approximate length: 200 words.

This section must include details of the following:

(I)any funding provided for conduct of the study and/or preparation of the paper;

(ii) relevant conflicts of interest for all authors; and

(iii) all persons who made substantial contributions to iii West African Journal of Pharmacy (2013) 24 (1) the work, but who do not meet the criteria for authorship.

References should be typed single-spaced and numbered consecutively in the order in which they are cited in the text. Full names of all the authors should be indicated. 1 1,3,5 1-4 Arabic numerals (superscript), e.g., (, or ) should be used in citing references in the text. Index Medicus Style of abbreviations should be 
used for journals cited. For correct abbreviations visit
wser.html. Unpublished work should not be included in the list of references. Examples
1. Oparah AC, Adje DU, Enato EFO (2006). Outcomes of pharmaceutical care intervention to hypertensive patients in a Nigerian community pharmacy. Int J Pharm Pract 14: 115 122.

2. Dada OO, Odukoya OA, Taylor OO, Asoro I, Coker HAB, Ologun JT (2003). Toxicological Studies on Jubi Formular A Nigerian Herbal Preparation, West Afr J of Pharm 17(1): 39-44.


1. Cole MD, Caddy B. The Analysis of Drugs of Abuse: An instruction manual, 2nd edn. New York: Ellis Horwood, 1995.

2. Sanders PA. Aerosol packaging of pharmaceuticals. In: Banker GS, Rhodes CT, eds. Modern Pharmaceutics. New York: Marcel Dekker, 1979:591-626.

Online references should include the website and the date material was accessed:

1. Consumers’ Association. Patient information: what is the prognosis? Policy report 2003. Available at:
www.whichnet/campaigns/health/patientinformation/index .html. Accessed December 18, 2005.


These should be numbered with Arabic numerals. Each table should be typed using a table format 
(i.e., each variable must be typed into a separate cell in the table) with only horizontal lines above 
and below the table column headers and at the bottom of the table (using 1 pt for the top and bottom lines and ½ pt for any middle line). No vertical lines should be included in any table. Each table MUST not exceed 6.5 x 7 inches (16.5 x 17.8 cm, width x height) and MUST be inserted at the appropriate position in the text just below where it was referred to the first time. The title should be typed at the top of the table in the sentence case format, i.e., only the first name should be in capital letters; names should also be in capital letters, as appropriate. Any legend should be typed at the top and bottom of the table in italics. 


Figures should be professionally drawn electronically and inserted in the appropriate position where it was first cited within the text. If photographs of patients are used, either the subjects are not identifiable or their pictures must be accompanied by a written permission to use the images. Photographs must be clear and sharp. Labels of Tables MUST be in text form and MUST not form part of the image.

Manuscript charges

Once a manuscript is accepted for publication, the author(s) will be required to pay a publication charge of USD 100.00 before the accepted paper is published. All payments must be effected immediately on receipt of letter of acceptance.


It is a condition of publication that authors grant the West African Postgraduate College of Pharmacists the exclusive license to publish all articles, including abstracts. Authors retain copyright of their work, which means they may re￾use their work for non-commercial purposes without asking permission of the publisher. Authors are themselves responsible for obtaining permission to reproduce copyright material from other sources.

iv West African Journal of Pharmacy (2013) 24 (1)

v West African Journal of Pharmacy (2013) 24 (1)

Ethical Matters

Authors using experimental animals and human subjects in their investigation must seek approval from the appropriate Ethical Committee in accordance with "Principles of Laboratory Animal Care" (NIH publication no. 85-23, revised 1985) and/or the Declaration of Helsinki promulgated in 1964 as amended in 1996. The Methods section must include a statement to prove that the investigation was approved and that informed 
consent was obtained.

Galley Proofs

Unless indicated otherwise, galley proofs are sent to the address given for correspondence. It is the 
responsibility of the corresponding author to ensure that the galley proofs are returned without delay.