Evaluation of collaborative care for patient medication management between pharmacists and clinicians in healthcare institutions in Ogun state, Nigeria

Main Article Content

Sanusi F. Adebukola
Saka S. Ajibola
Sowunmi K. Abike


Background: Physicians and pharmacists play crucial roles in healthcare delivery systems, each leveraging on their expertise. Effective collaboration between these professionals is therefore essential to delivering optimal patient care.

Aim: This study assessed the perception of physicians and pharmacists on health care collaboration practice.

Methods: Using multi-stage sampling procedure, a cross-sectional survey was conducted. The survey involved 272 healthcare professionals (Physicians and pharmacists) from Olabisi Onabanjo University Teaching Hospital (Shagamu), Federal Medical Centre (Abeokuta), and Neuropsychiatric Hospital Aro (Abeokuta). Data were obtained using a 77-item questionnaire and analyzed with descriptive and Chi-square statistics using SPSS, version 23 software.

Results: Majority (97.1 %) of the respondents (physicians and pharmacists) endorsed teamwork grounded in solid communication. The respondents (97.1%) expressed willingness to collaborate, with 31.3 % dismissing the notion that collaboration rarely improves patient outcomes. The respondents agreed on the necessity of interprofessional relationships in practice, with 93.8 % advocating for its inclusion in professional programs' curricula. Face-to-face communication was most preferred by the respondents (94.1%) for collaborative practice. Both professional groups identified time constraint as the major barrier to collaborative practice (µ = 3.13). 

Conclusion: Many participants deemed collaboration as imperative and that it relies on solid communication. Face-to-face communication was most preferred in collaborative practice and time constraint was the major barrier to collaboration. 


Download data is not yet available.

Article Details

How to Cite
Adebukola, S. F., Ajibola, S. S., & Abike, S. K. (2024). Evaluation of collaborative care for patient medication management between pharmacists and clinicians in healthcare institutions in Ogun state, Nigeria. West African Journal of Pharmacy, 35(1), 128-140. https://doi.org/10.60787/wapcp-v35i1-344


Pearson GJ. (2007). Evolution in the practice of pharmacy - Not a revolution. Canadian Medical Association Journal 176(9): 1295-1296.

Dey RM, de Vries MJW, Bosnic-Anticevich S. (2011). Collaboration in chronic care: Unpacking the relationship of pharmacists and general medical practitioners in primary care. International Journal of Pharmacy Practice 19(1): 21-29.

Makowsky MJ, Schindel TJ, Rosenthal M, Campbell K, Tsuyuki RT, Madil HM. (2009). Collaboration between pharmacists, physicians and nurse

practitioners: A qualitative investigation of working relationships in the inpatient medical setting.Journal of Interprofessional Care 23(2): 169-184.

O'Daniel M, Rosenstein AH. (2008). Professional communication and team collaboration. Hughes R, editor. In: Patient Safety and Quality: An EvidenceBased Handbook for Nurses. Rockville, MD: Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (US) 1-14. Ava i l abl e from: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK2637/. Accessed January 3, 2024.

FIP (2009). FIP reference paper collaborative practice. Available at https://www.fip.org/publications?publicationCategory=79. Accessed

December 31, 2023. International Pharmaceutical Federation, the Hague, the Netherlands.

Oandasan I, Baker GR, Barker K, Bosco C, D'amour D, Jones L, Bsn R, Lemieux-Charles L, Nasmith L, Martin-Rodriguez LS. (2006). Teamwork in Health Care: Promoting Effective Teamwork in Health Care in Canada, Policy Synthesis and Recommendations. Canadian Health Services Research Foundation. Available at https://www.research gate.net/publication/249940003_ Teamwork_in_Healthcare_Promoting_Effective_Te

amwork_in_Healthcare_in_Canada. Accessed December 15, 2023.

WHO. (2012). Being an effective team player. Available at http://www.who.int/patientsafety/education/curriculum/who_mc_topic-4.pdf.

Accessed December 29, 2023. World Health Organization, Geneva, Switzerland.

Luwatoyosi OM. (2020). An Analysis of How Collaboration between Physicians and Pharmacists Might Facilitate Improved Healthcare in Nigeria

(Doctoral dissertation, Griffith College).

Mohammed E, McDonald WG, Ezike AC. (2022). Teamwork in Health Care Services Delivery in Nigeria: A Mixed Methods Assessment of

Perceptions and Lived Experiences of Pharmacists in a Tertiary Hospital. Integrated Pharmacy Research and Practice (11) 33-45.

Udoh I. Emmanuel, Awofisayo S. Olajide. (2012). Evaluation of the Readiness for Collaboration Practice between Pharmacists and Doctors for

Better Drug Utilization in an Urban Setting. Nigeria Journal of Pharmaceutical Research, (2): 83-90.

Onah O. Paul, Soyinka A. (2019). Professional Collaboration Practice in Patient Care; Exploring Attidudes of Pharmacy and Medical Students in a Nigeria University. Journal of Pharmaceutical and Medical Research.

Lalonde L, Hudson E, Goudreau J, Belanger D, Villeneuve J, Perraut S, Blais l, Lamarre D. (2011). Physician - pharmacist collaboration care in

dyslipidemia management: The perception of clinicians and patients. Research in Social and Administrative Pharmacy 7(3): 233-245.

Kalisch LM, Roughead EE, Gilbert AL. (2010). Improving heart failure outcomes with pharmacist - physician collaboration; how close are we?. Future Cardiology 6(2): 255-268.

Carter BL, Ardery G, Dawson JD, James PA, Bergus GR, Doucette WR, Chrischilles EA, Franciscus CL, Xu Y. (2009). Physician and pharmacist collaboration to improve blood pressure control. Archives of Internal Medicine 169(2): 1996-2002.

McDonough R, Doucette W. (2001). Developing collaborating relationships between pharmacists and physicians. Journal of American Pharmacists Association 41(5): 682-692.

Mahdikhani S, Dabaghzadeh F. (2016). Benefits of pharmacist participation on hospital team. Acta Medica Iranica 54(2): 140-145.

Similar Articles

You may also start an advanced similarity search for this article.